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2021
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Foreign Financial Flows, Human Capital and Economic Growth in North African Countries Economic Alternatives
year
2021
Issue
3

Foreign Financial Flows, Human Capital and Economic Growth in North African Countries

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between foreign financial flows (i.e., FDI inflows and remittances), human capital, and its effects on economic growth in 4 North African countries. Annual panel data from 2000 to 2018 are examined using the system GMM. First, we found strong evidence of a positive link between FDI and economic growth. Moreover, the results indicate that the complementarity between FDI and human capital positively influences economic growth. Second, the remittances are found to be positive factors for economic growth. In fact, higher human capital accumulation of receiving countries increases these positive impacts. Overall, the results indicate that foreign financial flows are positively correlated with human capital in influencing economic growth in the North African countries. Therefore, it becomes pertinent for policymakers to pursue a human capital policy to improve their absorptive capacities to exploit full benefits of foreign financial flows.

Keywords

economic growth, FDI, human capital, remittances
Download EA.2021.3.02.pdf