Current Issue
Volume
27
year
2021
Issue
2

Archive

AUTHOR'S GUIDELINES

ABSTRACT GUIDELINES

SUBMIT AN ARTICLE

SCIENTFIC AND RESEARCH PROFILE

PUBLICATION ETHICS

PEER REVIEW POLICY

ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING

EDITORIAL BOARD

INTERNATIONAL EDITORIAL BOARD


ADDRESS OF THE EDITORIAL OFFICE

ISSN (print): 1312-7462
ISSN (online): 2367-9409
4 issues per year


The conceptions of the authors express their personal opinion and do not engage the editors of the journal.

The Editorial Board is committed to open science and free access to scientific publications.

Every manuscript received will be checked for plagiarism.

Typeset by:

UNWE Publishing Complex

Printed by:

UNWE Publishing Complex

The Gender-Biased Fertility Behavior: Evidence from Southeast Asian Countries Economic Alternatives
year
2021
Issue
2

The Gender-Biased Fertility Behavior: Evidence from Southeast Asian Countries

Abstract

This paper explores the existence of son preference and gender-based fertility behavior among Southeast Asian mothers. Using census data of ten countries (Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam) over the years 1970-2014 and a sample of over 18 million observations, I show that having a first-born girl is associated with 0.16 more children in the household, equivalent to 7.2 percent rise from the mean. The marginal effects are quite robust across various specifications and subsamples. The effects are larger for countries with a lower human development index and individuals with lower education. A birth cohort analysis shows that the effects are significantly smaller for later cohorts implying that son preference fertility behavior has diminished over time.

Keywords

Son Preference, Gender Discrimination, Fertility, Family Planning, Family Economics, Sex Selection, Culture
Download EA.2021.2.05.pdf